2 edition of Energy and materials flows in the fabrication of aluminum products found in the catalog.
Energy and materials flows in the fabrication of aluminum products
R. M Arons
by Dept. of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Energy and Evironmental Systems Division, Special Projects Group, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Argonne, Ill, Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Statement||by R. M. Arons, Materials Science Division, and A. M. Wolsky, Energy and Environmental Systems Division ; with an appendix by W. Rostoker and M. Sadowski, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle ; work sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Solar Applications, Office of Industrial Programs|
|Series||ANL/CNSV ; 3|
|Contributions||Wolsky, A. M., joint author, Rostoker, William, Sadowski, M, United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Conservation and Solar Applications. Office of Industrial Programs, Argonne National Laboratory. Energy and Environmental Systems Division. Special Projects Group, Argonne National Laboratory. Materials Science Division, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 62 p. :|
|Number of Pages||62|
A beverage can has a life measured in weeks – a commercial airliner can be in service for 30 years – but they will both be recycled back into aluminium products. Recycling aluminium consumes only 5% of the energy needed to smelt primary aluminium. No other major industrial material has such a large difference between the impact of its two. effort, including an aluminum can life-cycle assessment (LCA), an aluminum material flow analysis, and an LCA of semi-fabricated aluminum and auto products. The Aluminum Beverage Can Life Cycle Assessment, completed in , updated a similar study completed in to better understand the environmental footprint of aluminum beverage Size: 1MB.
As mentioned earlier, in order to the fabrication of MMNCs various metal matrices have been used, especially in the structural applications, aluminum   and magnesium [46,47] have. Based on the method of material flow analysis (MFA), a static model of Austrian aluminum (Al) flows in was developed. Extensive data research on Al production, consumption, trade and waste.
flux refers to a material used to dissolve oxides and release trapped gases and slag (impurities) from the base metal; thus the flux can be thought of as a cleaning agent. 75 materials to impact national energy goals. 76 A number of these applications benefit specifically from carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) 77 composites, which offer a higher strength-to-weight ratio and stiffness-to-weight ratio than many 78 structural materials, as seen in Figure Size: 1MB.
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Get this from a library. Energy and materials flows in the fabrication of aluminum products. [R M Arons; A M Wolsky; Argonne National Laboratory.]. Fundamentals of Aluminium Metallurgy: Recent Advances updates the very successful book Fundamentals of Aluminium Metallurgy. As the technologies related to casting and forming of aluminum components are rapidly improving, with new technologies generating alternative manufacturing methods that improve competitiveness, this book is a timely resource.
Semifabricated products plants. An aluminum plant for the production of semifabricated products (sometimes called a “semis” plant) may receive ingots for fabrication directly from the reduction plant or from their own remelt shop. Typical fabrication steps in a semis plant File Size: KB.
Chapters provide energy-use data for primary and secondary aluminum production and processing along with future energy saving opportunities in aluminum processing.
Life-cycle assessments provide basic, factual, information on the modeling of material flow in the industry, its products, and most importantly energy savings involved with recycling. Production of aluminum (emphasis on energy and materials requirements) Aluminum is produced commercially using Bayer process and Hell- Héroult process.
Besides scrap recycling and reuse of aluminum hydroxide contribute to total production. Bauxite is crushed, digested, precipitated, and calcined resulting in alumina. MATERIAL FLOW ANALYSIS Figure 1 Global aluminum ﬂow, Today, the models have evolved into one of the industry’s most powerful communication tools, used alongside its life cycle inventory data report(IAI),sustainablebauxiteminingre-port (IAI ), and annual anode effect and energy survey reports.
The results of the modelsFile Size: KB. Energy Efficiency in the Metals Fabrication Industries David A.
Michaelson~ P.E., The Boeing Company Dr. Sparrow, Ph.D., Purdue University Introduction This paper has been developed to cover industrial energy conservation and energy efficiencyl related topics as they pertain to the Metals Fabrication Industries (SIC's 34 through 37)2.
The aluminum production process uses electrical power as major energy source. This electrical energy is generally derived from thermal power plants which work with maximum 30% efficiency.
This electrical energy amounts to GJ ton − 1 aluminum forming 85% of total energy ( GJ ton − 1) remaining 15% energy ( GJ ton − 1) is used for other purposes  in the plant.
Energy Requirements for Aluminum Production Historical Perspective, Theoretical Limits Materials and Energy Associated with Aluminum Manufacturing Operations Theoretical Minimum Energy Requirements to Produce Raw Materials and Aluminum Products Table F U.S.
Energy Use in the Production of Domestic Aluminum. surface metal to flow, rather than to remove metal from the surface. Burnishing compounds must Table 4 Conditions for wet barrel finishing of aluminum products Cycle Barrel No.
of pieces per No. of pieces time, speed, Product kg lb per load min rev/min Barrel Finishing Barrel finishing is a low-cost method of. amount of secondary aluminum produced from recycled metal requires only kWh. Recycling aluminum saves 95% of the energy to produce virgin aluminum, whereas recycling steel saves between 40% and 75% of the energy required to produce virgin steel from its ore.
This is mostly a function of the higher melting temperature of steel as compared to File Size: KB. The energy efficiency of the Bayer process can be improved directly or indirectly through the use of cogeneration, waste heat utilization, and synergies with nearby industries, as well as through equipment advances or process changes.
Alumina Technology Roadmap 5 2 Alumina Industry Research and Technology Needs. Materials Data Book Edition Cambridge University Engineering Department. 2 Energy, U See inside back cover Force, F 1 kgf 1 lbf N N Length, l 1 ft 1 inch 1 Å Dislocations and plastic flow 5 Fast fracture 6 Statistics of fracture 6 Fatigue 7 Creep 7 Diffusion 8 File Size: KB.
U.S. aluminum producers recognize that energy efficiency offers a competitive edge in world markets. The aluminum industry has worked with AMO to develop a range of resources that can help to increase energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions.
Analytical Studies & Other Publications Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a mapping of energy use, energy loss, and carbon emissions.
This reference provides thorough and in-depth coverage of the latest production and processing technologies encountered in the aluminum alloy industry, discussing current analytical methods for aluminum alloy characterization as well as extractive metallurgy, smelting, master alloy formation, and recycling.
The Handbook of Aluminum: Volume 2 examin5/5(1). Based on the combination of the U.S. economic input-output table and the stocks and flows framework for characterizing anthropogenic metal cycles, this study presents a methodology for building material flow networks of bulk metals in the U.S.
economy and applies it to aluminum. Roll-bending sheet metal and plate Flow forming sheet metal The principles of metal spinning Swaging sheet metal Basic fabrication procedures Exercises 8 Structural steelwork and pipework Rolled steel sections Typical structural steel connections and assemblies Machining and fabrication Surface treatment Quality control Full-service supplier Go to: Education in aluminium Profile Academy Go to: Innovation and R&D Research Development Go to: Aluminium design Go to: All products.
To save extensively, high costly and time consuming industrial testing, the main European aluminum producers started to develop new methods of virtual fabrication applicable to the complete process chain of semifinished products (e.g. sheet, extrusions etc.) to predict the microstrucure evolution and resulting material properties.
This book contains the results of this R&D initiative of the European aluminum industry, represented by the 'EAA' (European Aluminum Association). The Life Cycle of Aluminum Products 7 Most of the environmental burdens of aluminum products incur at the resource extraction, raw material production, and product -fabricationsemi stages.
On the other hand, like all manufactured products, tremendous social, economic and environmental benefits can be gained at the product use stage. The embodied energy in a building is a measure of the energy consumed: to extract raw materials from the earth and manufacture a finished building product.
In the administrative functions related to raw material extraction and product manufacturing. To transport the finished product to building site and install it in the building. all none.Materials, Fabrication, Joint Design Page 8 Aluminum • Moderate strength, good formability, easy to machine • Can be extruded in complicated shapes • T6 is the most common aluminum alloy for vacuum components • is a good alloy for welding • Aluminum is much cheaper to machine than stainless steel (2x to 3x cheaper).“All problems can be solved by looking at and understanding the seven flows.” – Chihiro Nakao In the book Lean Thinking, authors James Womack and Daniel Jones outlined lean thinking in terms of focusing on clearly specifying “value”, lining up all the value-creating activities along a “value stream”, making value “flow” smoothly at the “pull” of the customer in pursuit of Author: Mike Wroblewski.